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What are the top 5 known side effects of botox

>> Oct 23, 2018

There are any number of side effects with Botulinum Toxin A and they can occur with the use of this neurotoxin. The way the toxin is administered, and the conditions under which it is used can determine the varying effects that can arise when it is dispensed. The various cosmetic implications and health-related conditions that the toxin is designed to alleviate will, again, depend on the type and strength of the Botulinum toxin used in treatment and how it is administered.

The actual composition of Botulinum toxin originates from and is produced through the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is a poisonous substance that is directly related to Botulism (food poisoning). It is an anaerobic substance (lacking in oxygen) and is further identified as a rod that is spore forming and can be found on plants, in the soil, water and the intestinal systems of animals.

Purpose and Delivery

The purpose of the toxin is to block the signals of nerves that are carried to muscles in specified parts of the body. The serum is delivered through injection. The toxin is formulated to interfere with nerve transmission through the blockage of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which happens to be the main source of transmission to the areas of muscle concern with injections.

Cosmetic Procedure Use

In cosmetic procedures, the Botulinum toxin is injected into areas where wrinkles appear, such as the forehead, between the eyes and around the eyes. Once the product takes effect, the muscles in question no longer show sagging or slouching, as the nerve signals are blocked and the wrinkles are eased.

Other Cosmetic Uses

        Entire facial wrinkling that includes wrinkling of the neck, chin, and chest
        Deep line and crease correction
        Other skin applications

Cosmetic injections are usually well received with few side effects, though the administration of the Botulinum toxin does need to be performed in a clinical situation where the practicing physician has a precise knowledge of the anatomy of the muscles that control facial expression (mimetic muscles). This is critical as incorrect administration of the toxin can result in damaging complications. The effects of inappropriately placed injections or improper dosage levels could result in facial features remaining more fixed (emotionless) as well as imbalance in facial areas, facial indentations and contour distortions.

The actual injections are effective anywhere from three to six months, and over time the muscle action in the areas that have been treated will require repeat injections as lines and wrinkles will start to reappear, but with continued use, reappearing wrinkles and lines will be less noticeable because the muscles in question will have diminished.

Other Medical Uses

In addition to its use for cosmetic purposes, there are medical conditions that the Botulinum Toxin A can help relieve that include:

        Post stroke treatment for muscle spasms (spasticity)
        Migraine headaches
        Sweaty hands/palms (hyperhidrosis)
        Lazy eye (strabismus)
        Eyelid spasms (Blepharospasm)
        Neurological disorders (Dystonias)
        Extreme underarm sweating (Hyperhidrosis)
        Extreme salivation/drool (Hypersalivation)
        Half-face muscle spasms (hemifacial)
        Severe neck and shoulder muscle spasms (Idiopathic rotational cervical dystonia)
        Other spastic movement disorders (cerebral palsy)

Four Types of Botulinum Toxin

There are currently four (FDA- Food and Drug Administration) approved types of Botulinum toxin that are used in injection form. The differences in these types may be due to the variances in the bacterium strains, the preparation of the toxin, their diffusion and their potency. They include:

1. Botox - the most potent and most costly of type A botulinum toxin, which is the first type made commercially available for use in cosmetic procedures

2. Dysport - Dysport is considered the weaker and less costly form of Botulinum Toxin A. Four units of Dysport are less potent that one unit of Botulinum A, but this form does work a bit faster than the original toxin and can maintain results of up to four months.

3. Xeomin - Xeomin use may last longer than Botulinum Toxin A as this form contains no additional ingredients or additives, plus it requires no refrigeration. In this pure form of Botulinum A, resistance by users is less prevalent.

4. Myobloc - Myobloc is considered Botulinum Toxin Type B and is a preparation that may be more helpful to those who are not able to get results through Botulinum Toxin A or Dysport.

Top 5 Known Side Effects

In addition to the side effects of improper dosages and misdirected injection site placement to specific areas of the face, five (5) other more general side effects from Botulinum Toxin A include:

1. Bruising, swelling, pain, redness, bleeding or infection at the injection site
2. Headache and possible flu symptoms
3. Allergic reaction to the product itself
4. Eyelid droop, eye dryness, eye tearing and other eye related problems
5. Muscle stiffness

Other symptoms related to Botulinum Toxin A can involve:

        Back or neck pain
        Stomach pain
        Appetite suppression
        Muscle weakness
        Throat soreness
        Runny nose
        Cold and flu symptoms
        Ringing ears
        Dry mouth
        Light sensitivity
        Overall sweating

More involved side effects include:

        Breathing difficulties
        Difficulty speaking
        Difficulty swallowing
        Drooping eyelid (Ptosis)
        UTI (Urinary Tract Infections)
        Urinary difficulties (burning and painful elimination)
        Vision problems - cornea inflammation (keratitis), double vision
        Respiratory infections
        Actual development of botulism (food poisoning)
        Heart troubles

Side effects with the use of Botulinum Toxin A can be an issue but they don't have to be if serious consultation is made with a physician, plastic surgeon, dermatologist or neurologist versed in its use and the different effects the toxin can have on individual patients. Whether the toxin is used for cosmetic reasons or for more serious medical issues that involve muscular afflictions, diseases and severe migraine headaches, gaining knowledge about the serum and the outcomes of its use is an important step in dealing with possible side effects. Utilizing the toxin is a choice that should not be made lightly. Researching and dealing with experts in its use are the initial steps in determining whether to use the toxin cosmetically or for other medical issues.

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